What Is an Off-Road Vehicle?

An off-road vehicle is designed to drive or ride across natural terrain like sand, gravel, dirt, rocks, mud, swampland and snow. Vehicles of the off-road variety usually have four-wheel or all-wheel drive and enough ground clearance to avoid damage when traversing obstacles.


Ford’s re-released Bronco is a classic choice for those looking for an open-top SUV with traction-enhancing features. Other options include Jeep 4x4s and Toyota Land Cruisers.


OHVs are motorized vehicles designed to be operated on unpaved roads or trails. They can be powered by gas, electric, or a combination of both and are n 운전연수 ot designed to operate on highways or public streets.

Examples of OHVs include all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), off-highway motorcycles or dirt bikes, utility terrain vehicles, and four-wheel drive trucks. Other types of OHVs include half-tracks, which are converted conventional cars and trucks by using a caterpillar track system.

A growing sub-sector of OHVs, side-by-sides (or UTVs), offer the agility of an ATV but have the passenger and cargo capacity of a small crossover SUV or truck. These vehicles are often used by off-road enthusiasts who camp and hunt in remote areas.

The GMC Sierra 1500 AT4X and Chevy Silverado 1500 ZR2 are two of the most capable full-size off-roaders on the market. They offer Multimatic DSSV spool-valve dampers on all four corners, Terrain Mode for one-pedal trail driving, front and rear electronic locking differentials, and rock sliders. These GM models also have power folding, one-touch third-row seats and a maximum towing capacity of 8,500 pounds.

4 by 4 운전연수

Four-wheel drive vehicles are ideal for off-roading because they can power through mud, rocks, and steep inclines while offering better traction than two-wheel drive models. They can also tackle harsh weather conditions such as rain and snow.

Jeep(r) Brand engineers torture test their vehicles in the most grueling environments to ensure they can live up to their tough-to-the-core reputation. With their capable 4×4 systems, Jeep(r) Brand vehicles can help you conquer rough terrain so that you can pursue your passion for adventure with confidence.

For the best off-road performance, choose a vehicle with high ground clearance. You won’t get far in sand, mud, or on rocky and rough terrain without decent clearance. Also, be sure to select a tyre with a deep tread pattern and high speed rating.


Most vehicles are not built to withstand the demands of off-road driving. For this reason, off-roaders tend to upgrade their factory trucks and SUVs to make them more capable of traversing rough terrain.

Popular types of OHVs include all-terrain vehicles (ATVs, also known as four-wheelers or quads), utility terrain vehicles (UTVs, or side-by-side vehicles) and dirt bikes. ATVs are designed for one person and have handlebars, hand and foot controls, and a motorcycle-like seating position that is straddled by the rider.

Dedicated off-road vehicles may have low-range crawler gears that feed all four wheels, suspensions that are high enough to clear obstacles, and underbody plates to protect the vehicle from rocks. They often have large tires and rims to accommodate the added weight of the additional off-road equipment. Moreover, they use low gearing so that much of the engine’s power can be used even while moving slowly across difficult terrain.


Many off-road enthusiasts insist on body-on-frame construction, which allows the vehicle to twist and conform to rough terrain. This feature, along with a low first gear called a “granny” or a reduction drive, helps drivers keep their speed down while traversing tough obstacles.

A slew of truck and SUV drivers are outfitting their vehicles with everything from auxiliary LED lights to winches and storage racks. Some even install suspension seats that suspend the driver in a web of elastic cords to reduce the force of any bumps or jarring jolts they might encounter while driving over rocks, logs and other obstructions.

Other OHVs include All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs or quads), off-highway motorcycles or dirt bikes, and utility vehicles that are used for recreation. These are usually equipped with four wheels, bucket or bench seats and automotive controls for steering and throttle. Some of these also incorporate roll bars and occupant restraint systems. Some OHVs are designed for competition in motor sports such as motocross and enduro. A few are more utilitarian, such as snowmobiles and four-wheel-drive vehicles like jeeps.


A good off-road vehicle should have a few basic features to function effectively and safely. It needs to have four-wheel drive and a large amount of ground clearance, which lets it go over rocks, mud, creeks and other obstacles without getting stuck or damaging itself. It also should have a low ground pressure to avoid sinking into soft or sandy terrain, and it must be able to keep its wheels or tracks on the ground to avoid losing traction.

Many people use off-road vehicles for recreation, such as all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), dirt bikes and utility terrain vehicles (UTVs). Others may use them to get around property they own or manage, or for work in agriculture or mining.

Off-road vehicles can cause serious injuries if the proper safety precautions are not taken. These include helmets, eye protection, protective clothing and over-the-ankle boots to protect against trail debris and mud or snow. First-time riders should take an approved safety course to learn the basics of operating an off-road vehicle safely. Tread Lightly! is a national program to encourage responsible OHV recreation.